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Virgen de la Esperanza (Jacona, Michoacán, Mexico)

Commemorated on February 14
Virgen de la Esperanza (Jacona, Michoacán, Mexico)
The image of Our Lady of Hope, patroness of the diocese and whose shrine is in this city of Jacona, originated in 1685, when an Indian Pajacuarán saw walking on water a root grown, put it in his canoe and He took her home. Seeing the root by the fire, she recognized the image of Mary.
The image of Our Lady of Hope from 1877 was given the name of the Virgin Root, and was crowned the first image in Latin America, which took place on February 14, 1886 ...
Jacona Plancarte is the main city of the municipality of Jacona, one of the 113 municipalities that make up the State of Michoacan de Ocampo, Mexico. Located in the northwest of the state, on the northern slope of the Sierra de Patamban, part of the transverse axis Volcano, 1,600 meters. It was founded by Father Sebastian Trasierra in 1555, although buildings and rock paintings more than 3000 years old are located. Jacona was symbolizing life and death, the symbol of humanity, and was one of the first prehistoric peoples entrusted to the Spanish.
Jacona is a word of Chichimeca origin meaning "place of vegetables." Another meaning comes from Xucunan, "place of flowers and vegetables."
His shield, on top wearing a crown topped with cross representing the Coronation of the Virgin of Hope, this low of a hill representing the hill Curutarán which means meeting place, down the hill has an X represents the name original name of Jacona Xucunan to the left of the X an olive branch and a laurel branch right representing victory and honor to the left and right of the shield is two separate, higher jaras (arrow) tied by a red ribbon representing the strength of the unit.
In the bottom of the shield the Latin words "UNITAS, FACIT AND MAGNA" meaning the unit will make us great. In the center of the shield are four fields with the colors blue, green, red and yellow in the table represent what our fertile farmland, the water in our lakes, the blood of our heroes and golden fields of our time harvest.
On these fields are three arms: a child, an adult and an elder. Each one holds a torch whose flame symbolizing bind the provisions unitas, facit, magna. these three arms have root on the bottom symbolizing the original name of the Virgin of Hope of 1685-1886 was to venerate name Our Lady of the root, the whole shield is encircled by a cord symbolizing friar by the Augustinian fathers who were the founders of Jacona. Eventually the shield what fertilized circulating laurel branches.


The inhabitants of this place were engaged in the seventeenth century to the agriculture and fisheries in Lake Chapala.
The image of Our Lady of Hope, patroness of the diocese and whose shrine is in this city of Jacona, originated in 1685, quoted Monsignor Aureliano Tapia Méndez in his book Our Lady of Hope, published in 1997.
A poor Indian Jacona, named John, used to go to the nearby town of Pajacuarán to help a buddy in his fishing, which they did in the great "Lake Chapala" or "Mar Chapálico '.
The Indian Pajacuarán once saw walking on water a root grown, and feeling an inner urge to cease fishing, put in his canoe and took her home on the shores of the lake, and put out to dry thinking it might serve to stoke the fire.
Juan came to go fishing, and watching the root by the fire, she acknowledged in some image signals. She asked the friend, who ignore the rich treasure that was hidden in that tree, gave it to his friend John.
Arriving home, John recognized the root of a tree called Camichín, and there was all perfectly formed with a wonderful package of Mary, there beginning with worship at home of John site that became known as the Oratorio del Indio Juan, which was venerated Our Lady of the Root.
Later, Bishop recounts in his book how the image, which had embraced a small child, he ran out and was gradually shaped to finally look like now.
After receiving worship the image of Our Lady of the root in the House of the Indian Juan, apparently for the years 1711, was given the main temple, which is located immediately to the house of John.
Fishermen handed over to the local priest, who placed it on an altar of the church. Later he built a chapel, where several years was venerated under the title of Our Lady of the Root.
In the late eighteenth century, he was transferred to the parish, he dressed in fine garments. Devotees continued to receive favors through his intercession. Since 1867, the parish priest Antonio Plancarte, during the 15 years of his stay in the place, he sought special worship and called Our Lady of Hope, name confirmed by Pius IX (1846-1878).


The image of Our Lady is standing, step on a snake, dressed in pink dress, white and blue coat assembly (beautiful embroidered in gold thread), and a lily in his right hand; special feature is its slight tilt backwards his face looking at the top (this is attributed to the shape of the root where you found "it sculpted").


The image of Our Lady of Hope from 1877 was given the name of the Virgin Root, and was the first picture crowned in Latin America, which took place on February 14, 1886, as he relates the Tapia own Mendez.
It was the archbishop of Mexico, Don Antonio de Labastida and Pelagius Davalos, responsible for crown image, after three holidays.
In 1943 the bishop of Zamora, Manuel Fulcheri and Pietrasanta convened the first diocesan synod was there and the pastor of Jacona, José de Jesús Rojas Gil, proposed to declare the pontiff patron of the Diocese of Our Lady were asked Hope.
The August 14, 1944 the bishop asked by priests vote of the faithful were asked, however, died on June 30, 1946, being named as his replacement Jose Gabriel Anaya y Diez de Bonilla, who in February 1948 laid down the rules for the plebiscite.
It was not until 22 August 1950 when Bishop Bonilla made the request to the Pope for the Virgin of Hope was declared patroness of the diocese of Zamora. On September 25 of that year Pope Pius XII authorized a papal brief in which the appeal is welcomed.
Date of February 14, 1952 was fixed for the solemn proclamation party which was prepared with a novena of pilgrimages by the faithful of the vicars of the diocese of Zamora was made.
Since the February 10 image Jacona moved to the episcopal see in Zamora, Zamora-Calzada being Jacona where image Zamora handed by the people of Jacona.
The proclamation of the Board Mariano pontifical held the apostolic delegate in Mexico Guillermo Piani SDB.

It is celebrated 2 times a year: February 14, the anniversary of his coronation, and on September 8, his birthday and name day, ie on the feast of the Nativity of Mary. In September his party is prepared the traditional novena in the neighborhoods of the city and surrounding communities, both pilgrimages that are held in the evenings, as involved in liturgical celebrations.
The central festival takes place on February 14, preceded by a novena of pilgrimages that take part in the neighborhoods and other communities in the municipality, and religious organizations of the parish vicars and Zamora and Ecuandureo .
The day of the party's "Resume" at 5:00 pm, while throughout the day Masses are held at different times, being at 12:00 solemn celebration presided by the diocesan bishop.
After the Eucharist, the image of Our Lady of Hope, a walk through the street of the place, shouting and applause, which repeatedly gave the blessing with the image until the end is removed most solemn inside the sanctuary. 




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